What is CBG, Key Things You Need to Know

By June 1, 2020Articles
What Is CBG

Thanks to the introduction of the 2018 US Farm Bill, Cannabidiol (or CBD) products have exploded in popularity and availability over the past few years. CBD has featured in every product you can think of—from cocktails to coffee, to even beauty and pet products. However, CBD is not the cannabinoid in the Cannabis world. Besides the obvious THC, there numerous cannabinoids that have been identified so far, each having its distinct effects. Among these cannabinoids, one chemical compound stands out as more beneficial than all others. And that is the cannabigerol (CBG).

What is CBG?

Cannabigerol is one of the many cannabinoids found in small amounts in marijuana and hemp. It is usually considered as a minor cannabinoid since it found in low concentrations in most cannabis strains—less than 1% and 2% in marijuana and hemp respectively.

In particular, CBG stems from CBGA, the acidic version of CBG. As the cannabis plant grows, all the contained CBGA converts to either THCA or CBDA. So, by harvest stage, the content of CBG is around 1% or less. However, this is soon changing as growers and researchers are working around the clock to make CBG-dense strains.

Like CBD and THC, CBG has numerous impacts on our bodies, making it more desirable and worth learning more about what it does. Without further ado, here is a quick overview of the key things you need to know about CBG.

  • CBG is non-psychotropic

CBG is non-psychotropic, which simply means that it won’t make you ‘high’ or alter your state of mind to an extent that it inhibits normal body functions or mental clarity. However, it can alter your mind in a way that can potentially relieve stress and depression. In other words, it won’t get you ‘high’ the way THC can.

CBG can also counteract the intoxicating effects of THC. It is believed to activate CB1 receptors, which ultimately lowers psycho-activation effects. So, consuming cannabis with a high concentration of CBG or taking a CBG isolate could counterbalance the “high” or “intoxication” effects.

Benefits of CBG

Potential Benefits of CBG

Even though all the claims are yet to be proven in clinical trials, there are some early research studies that indicate that CBG may be a promising treatment for a wide range of conditions, including:

  • Glaucoma and Intraocular Pressure: A 1990 study indicated that cannabigerol and related cannabinoids might have therapeutic potential for glaucoma treatment.
  • MRSA Infections: CBG is thought to help with MRSA as well as treatment of other bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics, thanks to its potent antibacterial properties.
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Colitis: A 2013 study on the use of CBG for colitis yielded positive results, indicating that CBG could reduce the effects of colitis.
  • Potentially Fight Cancer: A 2009 review article showed that CBG could inhibit or slow down the growth of certain cancer cells.
  • Huntington’s And Neurodegenerative Diseases: The use of CBG alone or in combination with therapies and other phytocannabinoids could aid the treatment of neurodegenerative conditions like Huntington’s disease.

Potential Side Effects

Generally, CBG doesn’t have any side effects, especially when taken in therapeutic doses. However, like any other substance out there, you are bound to experience negative side effects if you consume too much.

The good news is that CBG only becomes a problem when you take over 300 milligrams per kilogram of your body weight. If you are 180 pounds, for instance, then consuming about 11 tablespoons may be dangerous. The right dosage for an a180-pound person should be 25 milligrams or 1/8 of a tablespoon.

  • Legality

Since it is derived from hemp, CBG is legal at the Federal level in the US. The 2018 Farm bill legalized hemp and its derivatives, including CBG oil.

  • Finding CBG products

Currently, CBG products aren’t common on the average medical marijuana store shelves. However, there are specialized firms that know how to isolate and produce high-quality CBG oils. Being a relatively new concept, CBD oil is still taking the limelight. Nonetheless, as more light is shed on the potential benefits of CBG, expect to buy CBG oil from any medical marijuana store soon.


With all the potential benefits that CBG offers and the exceptionally low risk of side effects, there’s no reason not to try CBG products. If you are seeking treatment for one of the conditions mentioned above, now is the time to get your hands on products containing CBG.


Author mehigh

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